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Corneal and Tissue donation
1. Corneal donation: giving someone the gift of sight
At St Nicholas Hospice Care, we know that organ or tissue donation can help patients and families feel comforted by knowing they have given hope to others and that some good has come out of their loss. However, we also realise that not everyone feels comfortable with taking such a step.
We hope this information can help if you are unsure whether this is possible for you or you are unaware of what is involved.
2. Referral for corneal donation
Most people, apart from the very elderly can be considered as a tissue donor, including people with cancer. It does not matter if you have poor eyesight.
Some people can’t donate, such as people with blood borne viruses, conditions such as dementia, other neurological conditions, leukaemia, lymphoma and myeloma, and those who have had laser eye surgery. If you are uncertain whether or not you would be eligible a member of our staff will be happy to discuss this further with you.
If you decide you wish to go ahead, a consent form can be signed (although there is no legal requirement to do so)
After your death a specialist nurse will contact your next of kin to obtain further information about your medical history and gain their consent before the donation goes ahead
The removal of corneas can be done at the hospice or the funeral directors, up to 24 hours after death, and is carried out with the same care and respect as any other procedure. It does not prevent relatives saying goodbye or affect funeral arrangements.
Throughout the donation process the donor is treated with respect and dignity. After donation care is taken to maintain the donor’s natural appearance and relatives may visit their loved one after they have donated and before they are laid to rest.
Here are some facts that may help you decide
- The cornea is the clear front window of the eye
- The donation of one cornea could help up to four people to have their sight restored or improved
- Corneal transplant is a successful sight-saving operation with 93% of transplanted corneas working after 1 year and 74% still working after 5 years
- Both old and young patients can benefit. The youngest patient to receive a cornea transplant was a few days old and the oldest was 104
- There is a shortage of over 500 corneas each year in the UK and the waiting list to receive a cornea transplant is currently 2 years. Many more people would benefit from a sight-saving transplant if more corneas were donated.
3. What do I need to do if I wish to donate my corneas?
Tell your closest family and friends about your decision.
You can join the Organ Donor Register by calling 0300 123 23 23 or online at www.nhsbt.nhs.uk/tissuedonation
After you have died, one of our staff or your next of kin will need to contact Tissue Services via their 24hr message pager.
The specialist nurse in tissue donation will return the call.Tel: 0800 432 0559
4. What other tissue can be donated?
People who are dying from conditions other than cancer may be able to donate other tissue:
Bone can be used to help improve and restore mobility and can prevent limb amputation in bone cancer patients
Heart valves can be transplanted to save the lives of patients suffering from diseased or damaged valves, and young children born with malformed hearts
Skin can help to save the lives of people with severe burns, as a skin graft helps to reduce pain, reduces infections and prepares underlying tissue for later treatment
Tendons can be used to restore mobility in patients with badly damaged knee joints
Referrals and consent are the same as for corneal donation. However, unlike corneal donation, these tissues cannot be removed at the Hospice and your body would need to be transferred to a local hospital mortuary to enable retrieval of the donated tissue within 48 hours.